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Monday, May 9, 2011

100 RICHEST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD

100 Richest Countries Of The World

Superlative form of rich, which country has the most money? Taking into account of some economic factors, many version of this ranking can be found from the internet. This list is based on the World Bank & International Monetary Fund ranking, you may find the details at wikipedia.

1. Luxembourg (Europe)Bridge to city centre of Luxemburg city.
Bridge to city centre of Luxemburg city. [ Photo by Daveness_98 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg), is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. Luxembourg has a population of over half a million people in an area of approximately 2,586 square kilometres (999 sq mi). Luxembourg lies on the cultural divide between Romance Europe and Germanic Europe, borrowing customs from each of the distinct traditions. Luxembourg is a trilingual country; German, French and Luxembourgish are official languages. Although a secular state, Luxembourg is predominantly Roman Catholic. During World War II, Luxembourg abandoned its policy of neutrality, when it joined the Allies in fighting Nazi Germany. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
2. Qatar (Middle East)
pearl qatarpearl qatar [ Photo by AGImOmOTO 255 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Qatar, also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab country, known officially as an emirate, in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south; otherwise, the Persian Gulf surrounds the state. A strait of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island nation of Bahrain. Qatar is an oil- and gas-rich nation, with the third largest gas reserves, and the first or second highest GDP per capita in the world. An absolute monarchy, Qatar has been ruled by the al-Thani family since the mid-1800s and has since transformed itself from a British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. In Standard Arabic the name is, while in the local dialect it is. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
3. United Arab Emirates (Middle East)
Dubai Marina by nightDubai Marina by night [ Photo by David Pin http://www.ddpn.net / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) (Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎, Dawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah, short name: The Emirates, local short name: Al Emarat الامارات) is a federation situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Iran. The UAE consists of seven states, termed emirates, (because they are ruled by Emirs) which are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. The capital and second largest city of the United Arab Emirates is Abu Dhabi. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
4. Norway (Europe)
The village of Reine in Lofoten, Norway.The village of Reine in Lofoten, Norway. [ Photo by Sveter / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Norwayor Noreg (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe occupying the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, as well as Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.[note 1] Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of about 4.8 million. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe. The majority of the country shares a border to the east with Sweden; its northernmost region is bordered by Finland to the south and Russia to the east; and Denmark lies south of its southern tip across the Skagerrak Strait. The capital city of Norway is Oslo. Norway's extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is home to its famous fjords. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
5. Singapore (Asia)
The Singapore SkylineThe Singapore Skyline [ Photo by Someformofhuman / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island country off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator, in the Southeast Asian region of the Asian continent. It is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north, and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south. Singapore is the world's fourth leading financial centre and a cosmopolitan world city, playing a key role in international trade and finance. The port of Singapore is also amongst the top five busiest ports in the world. Among his more notable decisions is the plan to open casinos to attract tourism. Elections were held on 30 May 1959 with the People's Action Party winning a landslide victory. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
6. Brunei (Asia)
Dusk at the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque in BruneiDusk at the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque in Brunei [ Photo by tylerdurden1 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Brunei, officially the State of Brunei Darussalam or the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: بروني دارالسلام), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia, and in fact it is separated into two parts by Limbang, which is part of Sarawak. It is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo, with the remainder of the island belonging to Malaysia and Indonesia. Stated plans for the future include upgrading the labour force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourism sectors, and, in general, further widening the economic base. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
7. USA (North America)
Looking south from Top of the Rock, New York CityLooking south from Top of the Rock, New York City [ Photo by Daniel Schwen / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]
The United States of America (also referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, or America) is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also possesses several territories in the Caribbean and Pacific. The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
8. Kuwait (Middle East)
Kuwait City's skyline at nightKuwait City's skyline at night [ Photo by Snap / CC BY 2.0 ]
The State of Kuwait (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎, Dawlat al-Kuwayt) is a sovereign Arab emirate situated in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, and Iraq to the north. It lies on the northwestern shore of the Persian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic "akwat", the plural of "kout", meaning fortress built near water. The emirate covers an area of 17,820 square kilometres (6,880 sq mi) and has a population of about 2.7 million. The government is keen on decreasing Kuwait's dependence on oil to fuel its economy by transforming it into a regional trading and tourism hub. The planned US$77 billion City of Silk is the largest real estate development project in the Middle East. (based on a wikipedia article /cc by-sa)
9. Switzerland (Europe)
An aerial photo of Bern.An aerial photo of Bern. [ Photo by Benutzer:Amstuzmarco / public domain ]
Switzerland (German: die Schweiz,[note 3] French: la Suisse, Italian: la Svizzera, Romansh: la Svizra), officially the Swiss Confederation (Confœderatio Helvetica in Latin, hence its ISO country codes CH and CHE), is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe[note 4] where it is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Chemicals, health and pharmaceutical, measuring instruments, musical instruments, real estate, banking and insurance, tourism, and international organisations are important industries in Switzerland. The largest exported goods are chemicals (34% of exported goods), machines/electronics (20.9%), and precision instruments/watches (16.9%). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
10. Hong Kong (Asia)
Image of Hong Kong SkylineImage of Hong Kong Skyline [ Photo by Pwojdacz / CC BY 3.0 ]
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港) is one of two special administrative regions (SAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the other is Macau. Situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong's population is 95% ethnic Chinese and 5% from other groups. Hong Kong's Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province. The name "Hong Kong" is an approximate phonetic rendering of the of the spoken Cantonese or Hakka name "香港", meaning "fragrant harbour" in English. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
11. Netherlands (Europe)
Panorama von Maastricht. Aufgenommen vom Sint Janskerk-Turm, NetherlandsPanorama von Maastricht. Aufgenommen vom Sint Janskerk-Turm, Netherlands [ Photo by Euku / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located in North-West Europe. It is a parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy. The Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and water borders with Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom. The capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. Many economic historians regard the Netherlands as the first thoroughly capitalist country in the world. In early modern Europe it featured the wealthiest trading city (Amsterdam) and the first full-time stock exchange. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
12. Ireland (Europe)
Panorama photograph of DublinPanorama photograph of Dublin [ Photo by Garret Flynn / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Ireland is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the northwest of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. To the east of Ireland is Great Britain, separated from it by the Irish Sea. The island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.2 million people. Just under 4.5 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just under 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
13. Australia (Pacific & Antarctica)
The Sydney Opera House viewed from the water with the city skyline behindThe Sydney Opera House viewed from the water with the city skyline behind [ Photo by Mfield http://www.photography.mattfield.com / CC BY 2.5 ]
Australia ( or, or ), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a highly developed country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent (the world's smallest), the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.N4 Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the northeast and New Zealand to the southeast. The service sector of the economy, including tourism, education, and financial services, accounts for 69% of GDP. Although agriculture and natural resources account for only 3% and 5% of GDP respectively, they contribute substantially to export performance. Australia's largest export markets are Japan, China, the US, South Korea, and New Zealand. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
14. Austria (Europe)
Danube  river within the town boundaries of Vienna, the background showing the new quarter Donau City with a here rather unusual concentration of high-rises - emerging around UNO-CityDanube river within the town boundaries of Vienna, the background showing the new quarter Donau City with a here rather unusual concentration of high-rises – emerging around UNO-City [ Photo by Omnidoom 999 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Austria or (German: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a landlocked country of roughly 8.3 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,872 square kilometres (32,383 sq mi) and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,797 metres (12,457 ft). The majority of the population speaks German, which is also the country's official language. Other local official languages are Croatian, Hungarian and Slovene. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
15. Canada (North America)
View of Ottawa, capital city of Canada, Province of Ontario / left to right above the Ottawa River 1) Alexandra Bridge 2) Samuel de Champlain Statue 3) glass section of the National Gallery of Canada 4) pale building with turretsView of Ottawa, capital city of Canada, Province of Ontario / left to right above the Ottawa River 1) Alexandra Bridge 2) Samuel de Champlain Statue 3) glass section of the National Gallery of Canada 4) pale building with turrets [ Photo by Wikicanadia / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Canada ( ) is a country in North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world. From the early 17th century onwards, that part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River and the northern shores of the Great Lakes was known as Canada. The area was later split into two British colonies, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. They were re-unified as the Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, the name Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country, and Dominion (a term from Psalm 72:8) was conferred as the country's title. Combined, the term Dominion of Canada was in common usage until the 1950s. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
16. Iceland (Europe)
Central Reykjavík seen from HallgrímskirkjaCentral Reykjavík seen from Hallgrímskirkja [ Photo by Yelkrokoyade / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Iceland[note 1] () (Icelandic: Ísland (names of Iceland); IPA: ) is a European island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It has a population of about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km2 (39,769 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding areas in the southwestern region of the country being home to some two-thirds of the national population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
17. Sweden (Europe)
Kulturhuset, in Sergel's SquareKulturhuset, in Sergel's Square [ Photo by Micha221 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Sweden is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden has land borders with Norway to the west and Finland to the northeast, and water borders with Denmark, Germany, and Poland to the south, and Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia to the east. Sweden is also connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. The modern name Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes" (Old Norse Svíþjóð, Latin Suetidi). This word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas (Old Norse Sviar, Latin Suiones). (based on a wikipedia article /cc by-sa)
18. Denmark (Europe)
Copenhagen cityscapeCopenhagen cityscape [ Photo by Trabert / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Denmark, archaic: ), officially the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark ) together with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark borders both the Baltic and the North Sea. The country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland (Jylland) and many islands, most notably Zealand (Sjælland), Funen (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy (commonly considered a part of Jutland), Lolland, Falster and Bornholm, as well as hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark has long controlled the approach to the Baltic Sea; before the digging of the Kiel Canal, water passage to the Baltic Sea was possible only through the three channels known as the "Danish straits". (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
19. United Kingdom (Europe)
Tower Bridge as viewed from the North-East near St Katherine Dock.Tower Bridge as viewed from the North-East near St Katherine Dock. [ Photo by DAVID ILIFF / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[note 7] (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a country and sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. It is an island nation, spanning an archipelago including Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border[note 8] with another sovereign state, sharing it with the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. Great Britain is linked to continental Europe by the Channel Tunnel. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
20. Germany (Europe)
Old Town towards the Church of Our Lady of the Old PeterOld Town towards the Church of Our Lady of the Old Peter [ Photo by David Kostner / CC BY-SA 2.0 DE ]
Germany), is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The territory of Germany covers 357.021 km2 and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state of the European Union, and home to the third-largest number of international migrants worldwide. Under Augustus, the Roman General Publius Quinctilius Varus began to invade Germania (a term used by the Romans to define a territory running roughly from the Rhine to the Ural Mountains), and it was in this period that the Germanic tribes became familiar with Roman tactics of warfare while maintaining their tribal identity. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
21. Belgium (Europe)
Brussels, view from the Kunstberg hillBrussels, view from the Kunstberg hill [ Photo by Alina Zienowicz / CC BY 3.0 ]
Belgium, ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, as well as those of several other major international organizations such as NATO. Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi), and it has a population of about 10.8 million people. Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the Dutch-speakers, mostly Flemish, and the French-speakers, mostly Walloons, plus a small group of German-speakers. Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
22. France (Europe)
A nighttime profile shot of the esplanade of La DéfenseA nighttime profile shot of the esplanade of La Défense [ Photo by Yogi / CC BY-SA 2.0 FR ]
(based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
23. Finland (Europe)
Pohjoisranta (The Northern Shore) of Helsinki at Night.Pohjoisranta (The Northern Shore) of Helsinki at Night. [ Photo by Petteri Sulonen / CC BY 2.0 ]
Finland, officially the Republic of Finland Finnish: Suomi; Swedish: Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden on the west, Norway on the north and Russia on the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland. In 2005, Finnish tourism grossed over €6.7 billion with a five percent increase from the previous year. Much of the sudden growth can be attributed to the globalisation and modernisation of the country as well as a rise in positive publicity and awareness. There are many attractions in Finland which attracted over 4 million visitors in 2005. The Finnish landscape is covered with thick pine forests, rolling hills and complemented with a labyrinth of lakes and inlets. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
24. Bahrain (Middle East)
Bahrain fountain.Bahrain fountain. [ Photo by Vladimir Arshinov / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Bahrain, officially Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: مملكة البحرين‎, Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn, literally: "Kingdom of the Two Seas"), is a small island country in the Persian Gulf ruled by the Al Khalifa royal family. While Bahrain is an archipelago of thirty-three islands, the largest (Bahrain Island) is 55 km (34 mi) long by 18 km (11 mi) wide. Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain via the King Fahd Causeway, which was officially opened on 25 November 1986. Qatar is to the southeast across the Gulf of Bahrain. Because they needed to control the Persian Gulf trade route, the Parthians established garrisons in the southern coast of Persian Gulf. In the 3rd century AD, the Sassanids succeeded the Parthians and held the area until the rise of Islam four centuries later. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
25. Japan (Asia)
Tokyo DomeTokyo Dome [ Photo by LuxTonnerre / CC BY 2.0 ]
Japan (日本 Nihon or Nippon), officially the State of Japan (日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku), is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin" (because it lies to the east of nearby countries), which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Archaeological research indicates that people were living on the islands of Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan begins with brief appearances in Chinese history texts from the first century A.D. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
26. Spain (Europe)
Puerta del Sol (square) in Madrid  (Spain).Puerta del Sol (square) in Madrid (Spain). [ Photo by Tomas Fano / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Spain officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.[note 6] Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. During the last four decades the Spanish tourism industry has grown to become the second biggest in the world, worth approximately 40 billion Euros, about 5% of GDP, in 2006. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
27. Italy (Europe)
La Basilica di San Pietro e Ponte Sant'Angelo - Vista notturnaLa Basilica di San Pietro e Ponte Sant'Angelo – Vista notturna [ Photo by Beatrix & Massimo Catarinella / CC BY-SA 2.5 IT ]
Italy; Italian: Italia ), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a country located in Southern Europe and includes the Italian Peninsula and the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. Italy shares its northern, Alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within the Italian Peninsula, and Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland. The territory of Italy covers 301,338 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With 60.4 million inhabitants, it is the sixth most populous country in Europe, and the twenty-third most populous in the world. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
28. Equatorial Guinea (Africa)
Lighthouse, helipads, surrounding coastline and old buildings.Lighthouse, helipads, surrounding coastline and old buildings. [ Photo by Podknox / CC BY 2.0 ]
Equatorial Guinea, officially the Republic of Equatorial Guineais a country located in Middle Africa. With an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi) it is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa. It is also the most prosperous, however the wealth is concentrated in government and elite hands, with 70% of the population living under the United Nations Poverty Threshold of $2/day. It has a population of 1,014,999. It comprises two parts: a Continental Region (Río Muni), including several small offshore islands like Corisco, Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico; and an insular region containing Annobón island and Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) where the capital Malabo is situated. Investment in agriculture, fishing, livestock, and tourism are among sectors the government would like targeted. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
29. Taiwan (Asia)
Ximending at nightXimending at night [ Photo by Diego Trazzi www.d1ng0.com / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Taiwan, also known as Formosa (from Portuguese: Ilha Formosa, "Beautiful Island"), is a country situated in East Asia in the Western Pacific Ocean and located off the southeastern coast of mainland China. It has comprised most (99%) of the territory of the Republic of China (ROC) since the 1950s. The term "Taiwan" has also become a commonly used alternative name both domestically and internationally to refer to the entire country of Republic of China after the ROC lost international diplomatic recognition as "China" in the 1970s. The Qing Dynasty was defeated in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895) and Taiwan and Penghu were ceded in full sovereignty to the Empire of Japan. Inhabitants wishing to remain Qing subjects were given a two-year grace period to sell their property and move to mainland China. Very few Taiwanese saw this as feasible. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
30. Greece (Europe)
Panorama of Nafplion, first capital of modern Greece.Panorama of Nafplion, first capital of modern Greece. [ Photo by Luu / public domain ]
Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The country has land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
31. New Zealand (Pacific & Antarctica)
A vista of Lambton Harbour, Wellington CityA vista of Lambton Harbour, Wellington City [ Photo by jackol / CC BY 2.0 ]
New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island), and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands. The indigenous Māori language name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, commonly translated as land of the long white cloud. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing but in free association); Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica). New Zealand is also well known for its extreme sports and adventure tourism. Its reputation in extreme sports extends from the establishment of the world's first commercial bungy jumping site at Queenstown in the South Island in November 1988. There is a culture of longboarding in urban areas. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
32. Cyprus (Europe)
A panoramic view of Nicosia, Cyprus, lying in the Mesaoria plain, with the Pentadactylos mountain range in the background.A panoramic view of Nicosia, Cyprus, lying in the Mesaoria plain, with the Pentadactylos mountain range in the background. [ Photo by TomasNY / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Cyprus; Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros, IPA: ; Turkish: Kıbrıs), – officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía, IPA: ; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) – is a Eurasian island country in the Eastern Mediterranean, south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of its most popular tourist destinations. An advanced, high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. (based on a wikipedia article /cc by-sa)
33. Israel (Middle East)
Jerusalem Chords Bridge at nightJerusalem Chords Bridge at night [ Photo by Petdad / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Yisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيلُ‎, Isrā'īl), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Medīnat Yisrā'el; Arabic: دَوْلَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
34. South Korea (Asia)
Banpo Bridge with a rainbow fountain over the Han River in SeoulBanpo Bridge with a rainbow fountain over the Han River in Seoul [ Photo by Gu Gyobok / free for use ]
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea) and sometimes referred to simply as Korea, is a state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. Its capital is Seoul. South Korea lies in a temperate climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Its territory covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of 50 million. In the early centuries of the Common Era, Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye, and the Samhan confederacy occupied the peninsula and southern Manchuria. Of the various small states, Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla grew to control the peninsula as Three Kingdoms of Korea. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
35. Slovenia (Europe)
Ljubljana, a view from Ljubljana Castle.Ljubljana, a view from Ljubljana Castle. [ Photo by Damien Smith / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Slovenia officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Republika Slovenija, ), is a country in Central Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy on the west, the Adriatic Sea on the southwest, Croatia on the south and east, Hungary on the northeast, and Austria on the north. The capital and largest city of Slovenia is Ljubljana. Spa tourism has grown in importance in the last two decades, attracting many German, Austrian, Italian and Russian visitors. Important spas in Slovenia include Radenci, Čatež ob Savi, Dobrna, and Moravske Toplice. Slovenia is a member of the European Union, the Eurozone, the Schengen area, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, NATO, UNESCO, WTO, OECD and UN. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
36. Bahamas (Central America & Caribbean)
Fish swim in an aquarium beneath the Atlantis resort on Paradise Island, Bahamas.Fish swim in an aquarium beneath the Atlantis resort on Paradise Island, Bahamas. [ Photo by adobemac / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
The Bahamas), officially the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country consisting of 29 islands, 661 cays, and 2,387 islets (rocks). It is located in the Atlantic Ocean north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, and southeast of the United States of America (nearest to the state of Florida). Its total land area is 13,939 km² (5,382 sq. mi.; slightly larger than the US states Connecticut and Rhode Island combined), with an estimated population of 330,000. Its capital is Nassau. Geographically, the Bahamas lie in the same island chain as Cuba, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and Turks and Caicos Islands, the designation of the Bahamas refers normally to the commonwealth and not the geographic chain. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
37. Trinidad and Tobago (Central America & Caribbean)
View of the International Financial Centre near the Port of Port-of-Spain in the Gulf of PariaView of the International Financial Centre near the Port of Port-of-Spain in the Gulf of Paria [ Photo by Chris Fitzpatrick / GNU ]
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) is an archipelagic state in the southern Caribbean, lying northeast of the South American country of Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boundaries with other nations including Barbados to the northeast, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west. The bulk of tourism visitor arrival on the islands are from Western Europe. The Dutch and the Courlanders established themselves in Tobago in the 16th and 17th centuries and produced tobacco and cotton. Tobago changed hands between British, French, Dutch and Courlanders from modern-day Latvia. Britain consolidated its hold on both islands during the Napoleonic Wars, and they were combined into the colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1889. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
38. Czech Republic (Europe)
Tábor, Czech Republic. An aerial view of the Old Town from north.Tábor, Czech Republic. An aerial view of the Old Town from north. [ Photo by Rudolf Kukačka / public domain ]
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country borders Poland to the northeast, Germany to the west and northwest, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. The Czech Republic has been a member of NATO since 1999 and of the European Union since 2004. The Czech Republic is also a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). As an OSCE participating State, the Czech Republic’s international commitments are subject to monitoring under the mandate of the U.S. Helsinki Commission. From 1 January 2009 to 30 June 2009, the Czech Republic held the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The Czech economy gets a substantial income from tourism. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
39. Oman (Middle East)
Muttrah Corniche in Muscat, Oman at nightMuttrah Corniche in Muscat, Oman at night [ Photo by canon_shooter92 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عمان‎ Salṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab country in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates on the northwest, Saudi Arabia on the west and Yemen on the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The country also contains Madha and Musandam, two exclaves on the Gulf of Oman, south of the Strait of Hormuz and surrounded by the United Arab Emirates on the land side. With its 2,800,000 inhabitants, 700,000 of which non-nationals, on an area of 310,000 km2, Oman has a very low population density of less than 10 inh/km2. Its capital is Muscat, its currency the Rial. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
40. Portugal (Europe)
Bairro Alto, Lisbon PortugalBairro Alto, Lisbon Portugal [ Photo by Miguel / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Portugal (Portuguese: Portugal, Mirandese: Pertual), officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa; Mirandese: República Pertuesa), is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are also part of Portugal. Travel and tourism will continue to be extremely important for Portugal, with visitor numbers forecast to increase significantly over the next five years. However, there is increasing competition from Eastern European destinations such as Croatia who offer similar attractions to Portugal, and are often cheaper. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
41. Malta (Europe)
Valletta skyline.Valletta skyline. [ Photo by Briangotts / public domain ]
Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta), is a southern European country and consists of an archipelago situated centrally in the Mediterranean, 93 km south of Sicily and 288 km east of Tunisia, with the Strait of Gibraltar 1,826 km to the west and Alexandria 1,510 km to the east. The economy is dependent on foreign trade (serving as a freight trans-shipment point), manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles) and tourism. Malta is the popular tourist destination, with 1.2 million tourists every year. Tourism infrastructure has increased dramatically over the years and a number of good-quality hotels are present on the island, although overdevelopment and the destruction of traditional housing is of growing concern. An increasing number of Maltese now travel abroad on holiday. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
42. Saudi Arabia (Middle East)
Kingdom Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Kingdom Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. [ Photo by BroadArrow / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: المملكة العربية السعودية‎), commonly known as Saudi Arabia, is the largest Arab country of the Middle East. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south. The Persian Gulf lies to the northeast and the Red Sea to its west. It has an estimated population of 28 million, and its size is approximately 2,149,690 square kilometres (830,000 sq mi). The kingdom is sometimes called "The Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. The two mosques are Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Masjid Al-Nabawi (in Medina). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
43. Slovakia (Europe)
State Theatre, Košice City CentreState Theatre, Košice City Centre [ Photo by Maros M r a z / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Slovak Republic (short form: Slovakia ; Slovak: Slovensko, long form Slovenská republika ) is a state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi). Slovakia is a landlocked country bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is the capital, Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice. Slovakia is a member state of the European Union, NATO, United Nations, OECD and WTO among others. The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family. The Slovak landscape is noted primarily for its mountainous nature, with the Carpathian Mountains extending across most of the northern half of the country. Amongst these mountain ranges are the high peaks of the Tatra mountains. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
44. Seychelles (Africa)
Mahe, Seychelles from the airMahe, Seychelles from the air [ Photo by Waltermera182 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Seychelles, officially the Republic of Seychelles (French: République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an island country spanning an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, some 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. In 1971, with the opening of the international airport, tourism became a serious industry, basically dividing the economy into plantations and tourism. The tourism sector paid better, and the plantation economy could only expand so far. The plantation sector of the economy declined in prominence, and tourism became the primary industry of Seychelles. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west, Mauritius and Réunion to the south, Comoros and Mayotte to the southwest. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
45. Croatia (Europe)
from the castle of the beautiful port/harbour of the town of Hvarfrom the castle of the beautiful port/harbour of the town of Hvar [ Photo by Stop_The_Lies / public domain ]
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska), is a country in Central Europe and Southeastern Europe at the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain, the Balkans, and the Adriatic Sea. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. Croatia borders Slovenia to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. As a result of the war, the economic infrastructure sustained massive damage, particularly the revenue-rich tourism industry. From 1989 to 1993, GDP fell 40.5%. With the end of the war in 1995, tourism and Croatia's economy recovered moderately. However, corruption, cronyism, and a general lack of transparency stymied meaningful economic reform, as well as much-needed foreign investment. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
46. Hungary (Europe)
Budapest as seen from the Gellért Hill. From the left to the right you can see the Buda Castle, the Széchenyi Chain BridgeBudapest as seen from the Gellért Hill. From the left to the right you can see the Buda Castle, the Széchenyi Chain Bridge [ Photo by Christian Mehlführer / CC BY 3.0 ]
Hungary officially the Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság), is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is a member of EU, NATO, OECD, V4 and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe, being part of the Finno-Ugric family. In foreign investments, Hungary has seen a shift from lower-value textile and food industry to investment in luxury vehicle production, renewable energy systems, high-end tourism, and information technology. Hungary is ranked sixth in an environmental protection index by GW/CAN. (based on a wikipedia article /cc by-sa)
47. Estonia (Europe)
Tallinn, viewTallinn, view [ Photo by Gunnar Bach Pedersen / public domain ]
Estonia (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a state in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by the Russian Federation (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.The Estonians are a Finnic people, and the official Estonian language is closely related to Finnish. On September 24, 1939, warships of the Red Navy appeared off Estonian ports and Soviet bombers began a patrol over Tallinn and the nearby countryside. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
48. Poland (Europe)
Warsaw - Royal Castle SquareWarsaw – Royal Castle Square [ Photo by Shalom Alechem / public domain ]
Poland (Polish: Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38 million people, which makes it the 34th most populous country in the world and the sixth most populous member of the European Union. Poland is a part of the global tourism market with constantly increasing number of visitors, particularly after joining the European Union. Tourism in Poland contributes to the country's overall economy. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
49. Russia (Asia)
All Religions Temple in a multicultural city of Kazan.All Religions Temple in a multicultural city of Kazan. [ Photo by Dror Feitelson & SilkTork / CC BY 2.0 ]
Russia; Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya,   ), is a state in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the United States by the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 sq. km (10,610,162 sq. miles), Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than a ninth of the Earth's land area. Russia is also the ninth most populous nation with 142 million people. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
50. Antigua and Barbuda (Central America & Caribbean)
Dickenson Bay Beach in AntiguaDickenson Bay Beach in Antigua [ Photo by Paul Kowalow / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Antigua and Barbuda; Spanish for "ancient" and "bearded") is a twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands). Separated by a few sea miles, the group is in the middle of the Leeward Islands part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17 degrees north of the Equator. Being a former part of the British Empire has strongly influenced the country's governance, language, and culture. The twin-island nation's agricultural production is focussed on its domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
51. Barbados (Central America & Caribbean)
Panarama of downtown Bridgetown, BarbadosPanarama of downtown Bridgetown, Barbados [ Photo by UpstateNYer / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Barbados) is an island nation of the Lesser Antilles, 34 kilometres (21 mi) in length and as much as 23 kilometres (14 mi) in width, amounting to 431 square kilometres (166 sq mi). It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic Ocean and 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, it is about 168 kilometres (104 mi) east of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and 400 kilometres (250 mi) north-east of Venezuela. Barbados is outside of the principal Atlantic hurricane belt. Historically, the economy of Barbados had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities, but in the late 1970s and early 1980s it has diversified into the manufacturing and tourism sectors. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
52. Lithuania (Europe)
Town Hall Square (Rotušės aikštė) in Vilnius, Lithuania.Town Hall Square (Rotušės aikštė) in Vilnius, Lithuania. [ Photo by Sfu / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Lithuania (, U.S. usually ; Lithuanian: Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika) is a country in Northern Europe, the southernmost of the three Baltic states. Situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland, and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad to the southwest. Across the Baltic Sea to the west lies Sweden and Denmark. Its population is 3.28 million. Its capital and largest city is Vilnius. According to officially published figures, EU membership fueled a booming economy, increased outsourcing into the country, and boosted the tourism sector. The litas, the national currency, has been pegged to the euro since 2 February 2002 at the rate of EUR 1.00 = LTL 3.4528, and Lithuania is expecting to switch to the euro on 1 January 2014. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
53. Libya (Africa)
Office and hotel towers along Shari' al Corniche, as well new towers under construction in the background (such as the Daewoo Tripoli Hotel).Office and hotel towers along Shari' al Corniche, as well new towers under construction in the background (such as the Daewoo Tripoli Hotel). [ Photo by Jaw101ie / public domain ]
Libya; Libyan vernacular: Lībya, also translated as Socialist People's Libyan Arab Great Jamahiriya), is a country located in North Africa. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya lies between Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. Authorities have privatised more than 100 government owned companies since 2003 in industries including oil refining, tourism and real estate, of which 29 are 100% foreign owned. The non-oil manufacturing and construction sectors, which account for about 20% of GDP, have expanded from processing mostly agricultural products to include the production of petrochemicals, iron, steel and aluminium. On November 21, 1949, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution stating that Libya should become independent before January 1, 1952. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
54. Latvia (Europe)
Riga Comms TowerRiga Comms Tower [ Photo by liber / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Latvia (; Latvian: Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Republika) is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia (343 km), to the south by Lithuania (588 km), to the east by the Russian Federation (276 km), and to the southeast by Belarus (141 km). Across the Baltic Sea to the west lies Sweden. The territory of Latvia covers 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi) and it has a temperate seasonal climate. The Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia in 1710 and the Treaty of Nystad, ending the Great Northern War in 1721, gave Vidzeme to Russia (it became part of the Riga Governorate). The Latgale region remained part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as Inflanty Voivodeship until 1772, when it was incorporated to Russia. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
55. Argentina (South America)
Palermo: the city's most populous areaPalermo: the city's most populous area [ Photo by Facumissing / public domain ]
Argentina, is the second largest country in South America, constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. It is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations, though Mexico, Colombia and Spain are more populous. "Wine tourism" is important in Mendoza province, with the impressive landscape of the Cordillera de Los Andes and the highest peak in the Americas, Mount Aconcagua, 6,952 m (22,808 ft) high, providing a very desirable destination for international tourism. Formerly stable prices and exchange rates were disrupted, however: the peso lost about 70% of its value from early 1948 to early 1950, and inflation reached 50% in 1951. Foreign policy became more isolationist, straining U.S.-Argentine relations. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
56. Gabon (Africa)
Libreville, GabonLibreville, Gabon [ Photo by Global Photographer / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Gabonis a state in west central Africa sharing borders with Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, and with the Republic of the Congo curving around the east and south. The Gulf of Guinea, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean is to the west. It covers a land area of nearly 270,000 km² and has an estimated population of 1,500,000. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. In 2002, President Omar Bongo Ondimba put Gabon firmly on the map as an important future ecotourism destination by designating more than 11% of the nation's territory to be part of its national park system (with 13 parks in total), one of the largest proportions of nature parkland in the world. Natural resources include: petroleum, magnesium, iron, gold, uranium, and forests. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
57. Saint Kitts and Nevis (Central America & Caribbean)
A view towards St. Eustatius from Fort Brimstone at St. Kitts.A view towards St. Eustatius from Fort Brimstone at St. Kitts. [ Photo by Jukk_a / CC BY 2.0 ]
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis), located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island nation in the West Indies. It is the smallest sovereign nation in the Americas, in both area and population. Saint Kitts and Nevis is a twin-island federation whose economy is characterised by its dominant tourism, agriculture and light manufacturing industries. Sugar was the primary export from the 1640s on, but rising production costs, low world market prices, and the government's efforts to reduce dependence on it have led to a growing diversification of the agricultural sector. In 2005, the government decided to close down the state-owned sugar company, which had experienced losses and was a significant contributor to the fiscal deficit. Former sugar plantations still dominate the St. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
58. Chile (South America)
Santiago en invierno (Winter in Santiago Chile)Santiago en invierno (Winter in Santiago Chile) [ Photo by fahrenheit75 / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. With Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America which do not border Brazil. The Pacific coastline of Chile is 6,435 kilometres (4000 mi). Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas and Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
59. Mexico (Central America & Caribbean)
México DF. Taken from the Torre Latinoamericana.México DF. Taken from the Torre Latinoamericana. [ Photo by alex-s / CC BY 2.0 ]
Mexico,), officially known as the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos ), is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2 million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the fifth-largest country in the Americas by total area and the 14th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of 111 million, it is the 11th most populous country and the most populous Hispanophone country on Earth. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
60. Lebanon (Middle East)
Nejmeh square, downtown BeirutNejmeh square, downtown Beirut [ Photo by Yoniw / public domain ]
Lebanonor ; Arabic: لُبْنَان‎ Lubnān; French: Liban), officially the Republic of Lebanon[nb 1] (Arabic: اَلْجُمْهُورِيَّة اَللُّبْنَانِيَّة al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah; French: République libanaise), is a country on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history, and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
61. Romania (Europe)
The Palace of Justice from Bucharest viewed across the Damboviţa river.The Palace of Justice from Bucharest viewed across the Damboviţa river. [ Photo by Victor.petcu / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, north of the Balkan Peninsula, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south. In 2006, the domestic and international tourism generated about 4.8% of gross domestic product and 5.8% of the total jobs (about half a million jobs). Following commerce, tourism is the second largest component of the services sector. Tourism is one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors of the economy of Romania and characterized by a huge potential for development. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
62. Botswana (Africa)
A female Lechwe (Kobus leche) jumping over a patch of clear water in Okavango Delta, Botswana.A female Lechwe (Kobus leche) jumping over a patch of clear water in Okavango Delta, Botswana. [ Photo by PanBK / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana) is a sub Saharan country located in Southern Africa. The citizens are referred to as "Batswana" (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It has held free and fair democratic elections since independence. Botswana is one of the world’s great development success stories. A small, landlocked country of 1.9 million people, Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa with a GDP per capita of about US$70 at independence from Britain in 1966. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
63. Malaysia (Asia)
Photo of the Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Photo of the Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [ Photo by Erwinkarim / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Malaysiais a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,845 square kilometres (127,354 sq mi). The country is separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo (also known as West and East Malaysia respectively). Malaysia shares land borders with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei and has maritime boundaries with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. The population as of 2009 stood at over 28 million. The economy of the country has, traditionally, been fuelled by its natural resources, but is now also expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
64. Turkey (Middle East)
Kocatepe Mocquet AnkaraKocatepe Mocquet Ankara [ Photo by Memocan, www.wowturkey.com / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ), is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace (Rumelia) in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Eastern Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
65. Uruguay (South America)
Panorama of Montevideo, Uruguay from the Torre de las Telecomunicaciones.Panorama of Montevideo, Uruguay from the Torre de las Telecomunicaciones. [ Photo by Jordevi / public domain ]
Uruguay, Spanish : ), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to some 3.5 million people, of whom 1.4 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88% of the population are of European descent. Estancia tourism is based upon traditional, folkloristic and/or historical elements of Uruguay and the remaining resources of the historic ranches (estancias) from Uruguay's "golden era". Batlle had two terms (1903–07 and 1911–15) in which to initiate his policies, but, realizing that his program might be reversed by a future president or dictator, he promoted a constitutional reform to end the presidency and replace it with a plural executive, the colegiado. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
66. Montenegro (Europe)
Podgorica, Montenegro, as seen from the top of Atlas Capital Center. With Square of St. Peter of Cetinje in front, the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ is visible in the upper left corner, as is Millenium Bridge in the upper right.Podgorica, Montenegro, as seen from the top of Atlas Capital Center. With Square of St. Peter of Cetinje in front, the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ is visible in the upper left corner, as is Millenium Bridge in the upper right. [ Photo by Nije bitno / CC BY 3.0 ]
Montenegro (meaning "Black Mountain" in Montenegrin) is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo[a] to the east and Albania to the southeast. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica (Пријестоница), meaning the former Royal Capital City. Approximately one million tourists visited Montenegro in 2007, resulting in €480 million of tourism revenue. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
67. Panama (Central America & Caribbean)
Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) in the Bahía de Panamá against a backdrop of Central Panamá highrise, seen from the pier of La Marina (the Panamá Yacht Club).Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) in the Bahía de Panamá against a backdrop of Central Panamá highrise, seen from the pier of La Marina (the Panamá Yacht Club). [ Photo by Dirk van der Made / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Panama), officially the Republic of Panama, is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital is Panama City. Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela – named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903. The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
68. Bulgaria (Europe)
Sofia at nightSofia at night [ Photo by Daniel Tsvetanov / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
BulgariaBulgarian: България, Balgariya,  ), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, Republika Balgariya, ), is a country in south-eastern Europe. Bulgaria borders five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east. Basil II managed to prevent rebellions by retaining the local rule of the Bulgarian nobility, who were incorporated into Byzantine aristocracy as archons or strategoi, guaranteeing the indivisibility of Bulgaria in its former geographic borders and recognising the autocephaly of the Bulgarian Archbishopric of Ohrid. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
69. Belarus (Europe)
Independence square. Minsk, Belarus.Independence square. Minsk, Belarus. [ Photo by Zedlik / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Belarus,; Belarusian: Беларусь, Russian: Беларусь or Белоруссия, Belorussia see Etymology), officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Grodno (Hrodna), Gomel (Homiel), Mogilev (Mahilyow) and Vitebsk (Viciebsk). Forty percent of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) is forested, and its strongest economic sectors are agriculture and manufacturing. The region that is now Belarus was first settled by Slavic tribes in the 6th century. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
70. Mauritius (Africa)
View of Port Louis and harbour looking west from the Citadel.View of Port Louis and harbour looking west from the Citadel. [ Photo by Thierry / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Mauritiusofficially the Republic of Mauritius (Mauritian Creole: Republik Moris; French: République de Maurice) is an island nation off the southeast coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometres (560 mi) east of Madagascar. In addition to the island of Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands of Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius Island is part of the Mascarene Islands, with the French island of Réunion 200 km (120 mi) to the southwest and the island of Rodrigues 570 km (350 mi) to the northeast. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
71. Venezuela (South America)
View of Caracas taken from Mount AvilaView of Caracas taken from Mount Avila [ Photo by Gloria Rodríguez / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Venezuela; Spanish: ), officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It is a continental mainland with numerous islands located off its coastline in the Caribbean Sea. The republic is a former Spanish colony that won its independence in 1821. Venezuela borders Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Barbados, Curaçao, Bonaire, Aruba, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and the Leeward Antilles lie just north, off the Venezuelan coast. Its size is 916,445 square kilometres (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population of 26,414,816. Its capital is Caracas. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
72. Serbia (Europe)
A view to west of the New Belgrade at the end of a sunset.A view to west of the New Belgrade at the end of a sunset. [ Photo by Михајло Анђелковић / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија, Republika Srbija), is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central- and Southeastern Europe, covering the southern lowlands of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans. Serbia borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; the Republic of Macedonia to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the west; its border with Albania is disputed. Serbia's capital city, Belgrade, is among the most populous in Southeastern Europe. Serbia's government, businesses, and citizen's concentrate their tourism on the villages and mountains of the country. The most famous mountain resorts are Zlatibor, Kopaonik, and the Tara. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
73. Iran (Middle East)
Tehran, Iran. Bank Markazi (Central Bank) in foreground, Alborz Mountains in background.Tehran, Iran. Bank Markazi (Central Bank) in foreground, Alborz Mountains in background. [ Photo by Ensie & Matthias / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Iran officially the Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in Central Eurasia and Western Asia. The name Iran has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was also known to the western world as Persia. Both Persia and Iran are used interchangeably in cultural contexts; however, Iran is the name used officially in political contexts. It is the centre of tourism in Iran, and between 15 and 20 million pilgrims go to the Imam Reza's shrine every year. Iran has one of the highest urban growth rates in the world. From 1950 to 2002, the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%. The United Nations predicts that by 2030, 80% of the population will be urban. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
74. Kazakhstan (Asia)
Astana, KazakhstanAstana, Kazakhstan [ Photo by veni markovski / CC BY 2.0 ]
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is located in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of 2,727,300 km² is greater than Western Europe. It is neighbored clockwise from the north by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and also borders on a significant part of the Caspian Sea. The capital was moved in 1997 from Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, to Astana. Kazakhstan declared itself an independent country on December 16, 1991, the last Soviet republic to do so. Its communist-era leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev, became the country's new president. Since independence, Kazakhstan has pursued a balanced foreign policy and worked to develop its economy, especially its hydrocarbon industry. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
75. Costa Rica (Central America & Caribbean)
View of San José from the Museum of JadeView of San José from the Museum of Jade [ Photo by Wikipedro / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Costa Rica), officially the Republic of Costa Ricais a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the east and south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east. In recent times pharmaceuticals, financial outsourcing, software development, and ecotourism have become the prime industries in Costa Rica's economy. High levels of education among its residents make the country an attractive investing location. Since 1999, tourism earns more foreign exchange than the combined exports of the country's three main cash crops: bananas, pineapples and coffee. Coffee production has played a key role in Costa Rica's history and economy and by 2006 was the third cash crop export. Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, 10° North of the equator and 84° West of the Prime Meridian. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
76. Republic of Macedonia (Europe)
Macedonia Square, Skopje, MacedoniaMacedonia Square, Skopje, Macedonia [ Photo by INkubusse / public domain ]
Macedonia, officially the Republic of Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993 but, as a result of a dispute with Greece over its name, it was admitted under the provisional reference of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, sometimes abbreviated as FYROM. The Macedonian word for spa is бања, transliterated as banja. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
77. Grenada (Central America & Caribbean)
Saint George Parish, GrenadaSaint George Parish, Grenada [ Photo by ProveIt / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Grenada) is an island country and sovereign state consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Tourist facilities are being expanded; tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner. Major short-term concerns are the rising fiscal deficit and the deterioration in the external account balance. Grenada shares a common central bank and a common currency (the East Caribbean dollar) with seven other members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) The island was a province of the short-lived West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
78. Brazil (South America)
The Octavio Frias de Oliveira bridge, São Paulo - Brazil. View from the North Tower of the CENU complex (Northeast of the bridge)The Octavio Frias de Oliveira bridge, São Paulo – Brazil. View from the North Tower of the CENU complex (Northeast of the bridge) [ Photo byMarcosleal / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Brazil; Portuguese: Brasil;, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population. It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas and the largest lusophone country in the world. General Ernesto Geisel became president in 1974 and began his project of re-democratization through a process that he said would be "slow, gradual and safe." Geisel ended the military indiscipline that had plagued the country since 1889, as well as the torture of political prisoners, censorship of the press, and finally, the dictatorship itself, after he extinguished the Fifth Institutional Act. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
79. South Africa (Africa)
cape towncape town [ Photo by Antjedesign / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Republic of South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of Africa, with a 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) coastline on the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. To the north lie Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland; while Lesotho is an independent country wholly surrounded by South African territory. South Africa is a popular tourist destination, and a substantial amount of revenue comes from tourism. Among the main attractions are the diverse and picturesque culture, the game reserves and the highly regarded local wines. In the first two decades of the 19th century, the Zulu people grew in power and expanded their territory under their leader, Shaka. Shaka’s depredations led indirectly to the Mfecane (“Crushing”) that devastated the inland plateau in the early 1820s. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
80. Azerbaijan (Asia)
Baku night, Azerbaijan.Baku night, Azerbaijan. [ Photo by Gulustan / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Azerbaijan; Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası), is one of the six independent Turkic states in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. It was not until 2000s that the tourism industry began to recover, and the country has since experienced a high rate of growth in the number of tourist visits and overnight stays. Atropates ruled over the region of Atropatene (present-day Iranian Azerbaijan). The name "Atropates" itself is the Greek transliteration of an Old-Iranian, probably Median, compounded name with the meaning "Protected by the (Holy) Fire". (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
81. Saint Lucia (Central America & Caribbean)
Panorama of the Port of Castries, Saint Lucia, West IndiesPanorama of the Port of Castries, Saint Lucia, West Indies [ Photo by UpstateNYer / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Saint Lucia; French: Sainte-Lucie) is an island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north/northeast of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. It covers a land area of 620 km2 (238 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 160,000. Its capital is Castries. The island nation has been the home of two Nobel laureates, Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott. It is the nation with the second most such honorees per capita after Faroe Islands. The financial sector has weathered the global financial crisis, but the recession has hurt tourism. One of the Windward Islands, it was named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse by the French, the first European colonizers. They signed a treaty with the native Carib peoples in 1660. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
82. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Central America & Caribbean)
Kingstown seen from Fort CharlotteKingstown seen from Fort Charlotte [ Photo by Acp / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) is a nation in the Lesser Antilles chain, namely in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lie at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean. Its 389-square-kilometre (150 sq mi) territory consists of the main island of Saint Vincent and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines, which are a chain of smaller islands stretching south from Saint Vincent Island to Grenada. To the north of St. Vincent lies St. Lucia, to the east Barbados. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is densely populated (over 300 inhabitants/sq km) with its 120,000 people. Its capital is Kingstown, also its main port. The country has a French and British colonial history and is now part of the Commonwealth of Nations and CARICOM. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
83. Colombia (South America)
The International Center buildings seen from the tower of Avianca.The International Center buildings seen from the tower of Avianca. [ Photo by Pedro Felipe / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Colombia), officially the Republic of Colombia), is a constitutional republic in northwestern South America. Colombia is bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the northwest by Panama; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia also shares maritime borders with Venezuela, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. With a population of over 45 million people, Colombia has the 29th largest population in the world and the second largest in South America, after Brazil. Colombia has the fourth largest Spanish-speaking population in the world after Mexico, the United States, and Spain. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
84. Dominica (Central America & Caribbean)
Pano-wide image of Roseau Dominica Taken from cruise ship Balcony Docked in town.Pano-wide image of Roseau Dominica Taken from cruise ship Balcony Docked in town. [ Photo by Ted Rufus Ross / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Dominica,officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. To the north-northwest lies Guadeloupe, to the southeast Martinique. Its size is 754 square kilometres (291 sq mi) and the highest point in the country is Morne Diablotins, which has an elevation of 1,447 metres (4,747 ft). The Commonwealth of Dominica has an estimated population of 72,500. The capital is Roseau. Dominica's economy is heavily dependent on both tourism and agriculture. Independence did little to solve problems stemming from centuries of economic underdevelopment, and in mid-1979, political discontent led to the formation of an interim government. It was replaced after the 1980 elections by a government led by the Dominica Freedom Party under Prime Minister Eugenia Charles, the Caribbean's first female prime minister. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
85. Jamaica (Central America & Caribbean)
Doctor's Cave Beach Club, Montego Bay, JamaicaDoctor's Cave Beach Club, Montego Bay, Jamaica [ Photo by Op. Deo / public domain ]
Jamaica) is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, 234 kilometres (145 mi) in length and as much as 80 kilometres (50 mi) in width, amounting to 11,100 square kilometres (4,300 sq mi). It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola, the island harboring the nation-states Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning the "Land of Wood and Water", or the "Land of Springs". The growth was fueled by strong investments in bauxite/alumina, tourism, manufacturing industry and, to a lesser extent, the agricultural sector. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
86. Peru (South America)
San Isidro, PeruSan Isidro, Peru [ Photo by Christian911 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Peru; Spanish: Perú, Quechua: Perú, Aymara: Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru), is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a country with a high Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 34%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing (e.g. textiles). The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
87. Suriname (South America)
Paramaribo, SurinameParamaribo, Suriname [ Photo by madmack66 / CC BY 2.0 ]
Suriname or Surinamor, Dutch: Suriname; Sarnami: शर्नम् Sarnam, Sranan Tongo: Sranangron or Sranankondre), officially the Republic of Suriname, is a country in northern South America. Its geographical size is just under 165,000 km2 (64,000 sq mi), and it has an estimated population of approximately 470,000, most of whom live on the country's north coast, where the capital Paramaribo is located. Agriculture, especially of rice and bananas, remains a strong component of the economy, and ecotourism is providing new economic opportunities. More than 80% of Suriname's land-mass consists of unspoiled rain forest, and with the establishment of the Central Suriname Nature Reserve in 1998, Suriname signaled its commitment to conservation of this precious resource. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
88. Bosnia and Herzegovina (Europe)
Trebinje, a little town in Herzegovina, south-east Europe, situated on the banks of the Trebisnjica (lost river).Trebinje, a little town in Herzegovina, south-east Europe, situated on the banks of the Trebisnjica (lost river). [ Photo by Goran Andjelic / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Bosnia and Herzegovina or ; Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Latin: Bosna i Hercegovina; Bosnian and Serbian Cyrillic: Босна и Херцеговина, Ottoman Turkish: Bosna Hersek) is a country in South-Eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina (also: Bosnia-Herzegovina/Bosnia and Hercegovina) is almost landlocked, except for 26 kilometres (16 miles) of Adriatic Sea coastline, centered on the town of Neum. The interior of the country is mountainous centrally and to the south, hilly in the northwest, and flatland in the northeast. Inland is the larger geographic region with a moderate continental climate, marked by hot summers and cold, snowy winters. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
89. Dominican Republic (Central America & Caribbean)
Santo Domingo skylineSanto Domingo skyline [ Photo by Jaru123 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
The Dominican Republicis a nation on the island of Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries. Both by area and population, the Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation (after Cuba), with 48,442 square kilometres (18,704 sq mi) and an estimated 10 million people. Although the service sector has recently overtaken agriculture as the leading employer of Dominicans (due principally to growth in tourism and Free Trade Zones), agriculture remains the most important sector in terms of domestic consumption and is in second place, behind mining, in terms of export earnings. The service sector in general has experienced growth in recent years, as has construction. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
90. Tunisia (Africa)
View of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, due to its history and spiritual prestige, it is the most important mosque in Tunisia situated in the city of Kairouan.View of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, due to its history and spiritual prestige, it is the most important mosque in Tunisia situated in the city of Kairouan. [ Photo by http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2439/3839516501_e7e438a67d_b.jpg / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Tunisia, officially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya), is the northernmost country in Africa. It is an Arab country and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Its area is almost 165,000 km², with an estimated population of just over 10.3 million. Its name is derived from the capital Tunis located in the north-east. Tunisia has a diverse economy, ranging from agriculture, mining, manufacturing, petroleum products and tourism. In 2008 it had a GDP of $41 billion (official exchange rates), or $82 billion (purchasing power parity). It also has one of Africa and the Middle East's highest per-capita GDPs (PPP). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
91. Ecuador (South America)
Quito, capital of Ecuador.Quito, capital of Ecuador. [ Photo by Patricio Mena Vásconez / public domain ]
Ecuador), officially the Republic of Ecuador, literally, "Republic of the equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the mainland. The Ministry of Information and Tourism was established on 10 August 1992, at the beginning of the government of Sixto Duran Ballen, who envisioned tourism as a key activity for the economic and social development of peoples. Compared with the growth of the tourism sector in June 1994, it was decided to separate the tourism information, to devote exclusively to promote and strengthen this activity. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
92. Albania (Europe)
View of Tirana by NightView of Tirana by Night [ Photo by TiranaCity / public domain ]
Albania, is a country in South Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo[a] to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea. The latter underlines the importance of modernizing economic sectors such as the agro-food industry and tourism. It also underscores the strategic importance of energy, environmental and water resource management. Stakeholders have proposed prioritizing fields of research such as agriculture and food, information and communication technologies (ICTs), public health, Albanology and humanities, natural resources, biotechnology, biodiversity, defence and security. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
93. Algeria (Africa)
Sight of Algiers from Notre Dame d'AfriqueSight of Algiers from Notre Dame d'Afrique [ Photo by Sandervalya / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر, al-Jazā’ir, Berber: Dzayer), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria), is a country in North Africa. In terms of land area, it is the largest country on the Mediterranean Sea, the second largest on the African continent after Sudan, and the eleventh-largest country in the world. In Antiquity Algeria was known as the Numidia kingdom and its people were called Numidians. The kingdom of Numidia had early relations with Carthaginians, Romans and Ancient Greeks, the region was considered a fertile area, and Numidians were known for their fine cavalry. Several Berber dynasties emerged during the Middle Ages in the Maghreb, Sudan, Andalusia, Italy, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Egypt, and other nearby lands. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
94. Thailand (Asia)
Eye in the sky. View of Bangkok from the Baiyoke Tower IIEye in the sky. View of Bangkok from the Baiyoke Tower II [ Photo by neajjean / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Thailand), formerly Siam (Thai: สยาม, IPA:  ), is an independent country that lies in the heart of Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995 and is a newly industrialized country with tourism, due to well-known tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Chiang Mai and Ko Samui, and exports contributing significantly to the economy. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
95. Belize (Central America & Caribbean)
Aerial View of Belize CityAerial View of Belize City [ Photo by Leslie123 / public domain ]
Belize) (formerly British Honduras), is a democratic constitutional monarchy, and the northernmost Central American nation. Belize has a diverse society, comprising many cultures and languages. Although Kriol and Spanish are spoken among the population, Belize is the only country in Central America where English is the official language. Belize is bordered by Mexico to its north, by Guatemala to its south and west, and by the Caribbean Sea to the east. Belize has a small, essentially private enterprise economy that is based primarily on agriculture, agro-based industry, and merchandising, with tourism and construction recently assuming greater importance. In 2006, the exploitation of a newly discovered crude oil field near the town of Spanish Lookout, has presented new prospects and problems for this developing nation. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
96. Turkmenistan (Asia)
Panorama of AshgabatPanorama of Ashgabat [ Photo by Thepulin / public domain ]
The Republic of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistan Respublikasy), also known as Turkmenia (Russian: Туркмения) is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. The rivalry officially concluded with the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. Slowly, Russian and European cultures were introduced to the area. This was evident in the architecture of the newly formed city of Ashgabat, which became the capital. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
97. Tonga (Pacific & Antarctica)
Neiafu, TongaNeiafu, Tonga [ Photo by Boris T. Johnson / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]
Tonga- officially the Kingdom of Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga) – an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, comprises 169 islands, 36 of them inhabited. The Kingdom stretches over a distance of about 800 kilometres (500 miles) in a north-south line located at about a third of the distance from New Zealand to Hawaiʻi. Tonga's development plans emphasize a growing private sector, upgrading agricultural productivity, revitalizing the squash and vanilla bean industries, developing tourism, and improving the island's communications and transportation systems. Substantial progress has been made, but much work remains to be done. A small but growing construction sector is developing in response to the inflow of aid monies and remittances from Tongans abroad. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
98. El Salvador (Central America & Caribbean)
Panoramic view of Northern San SalvadorPanoramic view of Northern San Salvador [ Photo by Renemgb / public domain ]
El Salvador; Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally meaning "Republic of the Savior") is the smallest and also the most densely populated country in Central America. It borders the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras. It lies on the Gulf of Fonseca, as do Honduras and Nicaragua further south. El Salvador's tourism industry has grown dynamically over recent years as the Salvadoran government focuses on developing this sector. Last year tourism accounted for 4.6% of GDP; only 10 years ago, it accounted for 0.4%. In this same year tourism grew 4.5% worldwide. Comparatively, El Salvador saw an increase of 8.97%, from 1.15 million to 1.27 million tourists. This has led to revenue from tourism growing 35.9% from $634 million to $862 million. As a reference point, in 1996 tourism revenue was $44.2 million. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
99. Guyana (South America)
This is a panoramic view of Georgetown, Guyana looking in the direction of St. George's Cathedral. It is an Anglican church and the building is claimed to be the World's Largest Freestanding Wooden Structure.This is a panoramic view of Georgetown, Guyana looking in the direction of St. George's Cathedral. It is an Anglican church and the building is claimed to be the World's Largest Freestanding Wooden Structure. [ Photo by John Da Silva / CC BY 3.0 ]
Guyana), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and previously known as British Guiana, is a state on the northern coast of South America that is culturally part of the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana has been a former colony of the British, Dutch and for a brief period, the French. It is the only state of the Commonwealth of Nations on mainland South America, and is also a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), which has its secretariat headquarters in Guyana's capital, Georgetown. Guyana achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 26 May 1966 and became a Republic on 23 February 1970. This fact has given rise to various non-exploitative, environmentally sustainable industries such as ecotourism, successfully capitalizing on the biological wealth of the Konashen COCA with comparatively little enduring impact. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
100. China (Asia)
Beijing CBD 2008-6-9 Jianwai SOHO, Yitai Center, CCTVBeijing CBD 2008-6-9 Jianwai SOHO, Yitai Center, CCTV [ Photo by CobbleCC / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
China, as a civilization, is one of the world's oldest and is regarded as the oldest continuous civilization. Prior to the 19th century, it possessed one of the most advanced societies and economies in the world; but through successive dynasties it then missed the industrial revolution and began to decline. In the 19th and 20th century, imperialism, internal weakness and civil wars damaged the civilization and its economy, and led to the overthrow of imperial rule. Historically, China's cultural sphere has extended across East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing systems being adopted to varying degrees by neighbors such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Through its history, China was the source of many major inventions. It has also one of the world's oldest written language systems. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

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